There are some options for managing glaucoma depending on the severity and the underlying cause.
For secondary glaucoma, where the increased pressure is caused by a separate primary eye problem, treating the underlying cause can be enough to resolve the glaucoma.
In patients where this isn’t the case the aim of treatment is to try and relieve the pressure and the pain.
- Medication can be given to reduce fluid production within the eye
- Medication can be given to improve fluid drainage from the eye
- Surgical implants can be placed to drain the affected eye (this is specialised surgery which would usually require referral)
It’s important to note that while medication can often slow the development of glaucoma it may be impossible to control the pressure within the eye in the long- or even short-term.
In these cases, as glaucoma is so painful, removal of the eye may be the best way to help the affected dog be pain free. Although this can seem dramatic it is actually much better for them to be comfortable and dogs adapt quickly to losing one or even both eyes.