If you find a lump on your dog, your vet will need to determine if it is malignant or benign.
Treatments and outcomes depend on the size, location and exact nature of the lump. Examples include lipomas (soft fatty lumps), warts, abscesses and tumours, which can be benign or malignant.
If necessary, your vet may wish to draw some cells from the lump via a needle and syringe (FNA - fine needle aspiration). The cells will be placed on a slide and evaluated under a microscope to try to determine what the cause of the lump is. Your vet may also take a biopsy of the lump. This involves removing a piece of the lump and sending it off to a pathologist for evaluation. In a lot cases, your vet may prefer to surgically remove the entire lump straight away and send it in for evaluation to determine the best treatment.