Routine is the key to successfully caring for your pet with diabetes. To achieve the best control possible you will need to manage their insulin, weight, exercise and diet. Your Vets4Pets team will do all they can to help you achieve this.
Your pet’s starting insulin dose will be based on their body weight. Your vet will then monitor your pet’s response to the insulin, making adjustments to the dose until the optimal dose has been determined. Insulin injections are usually given twice a day, every 12 hours with meals.
Exercise is important for pets with diabetes. It can help avoid high blood sugar levels and may improve insulin absorption. That being said, too much exercise can cause glucose levels to drop too low, resulting in hypoglycaemia. You should aim for steady, moderate-intensity activities, avoiding those which can impact dramatically on blood sugar levels.
Your pet’s diet is important and they will need to be fed regularly. Dogs should be fed twice a day but cats can be allowed to graze throughout the day if that’s what they’re used to. A high fibre diet will help to slow glucose absorption in dogs, and a high protein, low carbohydrate diet can enable some cats to go into remission.
When a pet’s blood glucose levels fall too low this is called hypoglycaemia, and can be a dangerous complication of diabetes that you should be aware of. It can happen when your pet has had too much insulin, or if they do not eat after having received their normal insulin dose. You will need to keep glucose powder or solution close to hand, should an emergency arise.