Spring Tips For Small Pets
As the first signs of spring are starting to appear, we've put together some tips and advice to ensure that you and your small furry can make the most of spring.
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Although beautiful to look at, not all plants taste as good as they look and most shouldn’t be eaten at all. It is important that you are aware of the main plants that could be harmful to your grazing pets such as guinea pigs, either eaten in the garden, or as part of spring bouquets inside.
These are some of the more common spring plants that your small animals could come into contact with, indoors or out:
If your pet does eat any of these plants they will quickly show signs of not feeling well. Some of the common indicators that your pet has ingested one of these plants are:
- Appetite loss
- Lethargy or weakness
- Abdominal pain or tenderness
- Severe dehydration
Severe poisoning can result in twitching, fitting or tremors, collapsing or fatal paralysis. Many of these plant are also
For grazing small furries such as guinea pigs, watch out for where they are free to roam. Keep them clear of any dangerous plants, and make sure they only have access to safe areas. When bringing in foods from the garden, make sure nothing poisonous has become caught up in your offerings.
If your small animal shows any of these signs after coming in contact with or eating any of these (or any other plant) you should contact your local vet immediately.
Spring is lovely, as you often get the opportunity to get your grazing small furries back out onto the grass – this is excellent for their digestive and mental health, and seeing them happily squeaking away is great for you too! Like with any change, however, this should be done gradually as a sudden change in diet for any pet can cause tummy troubles.
For indoor small furries, such as hamsters, you may be offering a wider selection of vegetables and occasional fruit as more seasonal options become available. Feeding a variety is great for nutritional value and mental stimulation but, again, rapid change can be a problem for the digestive system.
New fresh spring grass can be particularly rich for small tummies and you should introduce guinea pigs to it gradually. Follow the steps below for a safe and slow introduction to spring grass:
- Make sure that you give them something to eat before they go out onto the grass. This will fill them up and should prevent them eating too much
- Be aware of the intake of grass, keeping it low initially. You can do this by either limiting the time that they are on the grass, starting with 10-15 minutes and increasing it gradually every other day. Monitor their droppings during this time. If the initial 15 minutes means that their droppings become soft, reduce the time to 10 minutes the next day, or by limiting the amount of available grass, so that they only have a certain sized section of grass to eat from
- Don’t let them feed on damp or wet grass as getting wet increases the chance of them getting pneumonia
- Make sure that there is plenty of fresh, clean water available, either in a bottle or bowl
For indoor small furries, make sure any diet changes are done slowly. Introduce new types of food over several days, starting with a very small piece.
Spring can be very changeable for weather, with what can seem like all the seasons in one day! This means that if your pet is exposed to the elements in any way, it is important to make sure they are protected in all kinds of weather. Heatstroke can cause rapid death, and conversely very cold snaps can lead to pneumonia, hypothermia and heart attacks, and can also be fatal.
Make sure your small furry has somewhere sheltered to hide; both somewhere warm and snug if it gets cold and wet, and somewhere shady and breezy if it gets warm. Water should be regularly checked to make sure it has not run out, or frozen.
Spring is often a time for a home re-vamp, and cleaning products, paints and solvents may start to appear around the house. Our indoor small furries can be very sensitive to fumes, and if these substances are inhaled or ingested they can be easily poisoned.
Moving pets into another room while cleaning and decorating will keep them away from potentially harmful chemicals and fumes. Opening windows and doors can help disperse chemicals, but especially for caged small furries moving them away completely is best as they do not have the option to escape themselves if they feel unwell.
Whilst clearing back and tending to the garden, you may also be using herbicides. Herbicide products should be used with caution as their ingredients may be toxic to animals. Lawn treatment companies often recommend keeping grazing animals off treated lawns for at least two weeks. Weed killers also mean that a lot of the fun forage for guinea pigs, such as dandelions, won’t grow.
If you use herbicides in the garden follow the instructions and make sure that you wait long enough before letting your small furry near recently treated areas. This includes when picking any fresh garden treats for your indoor small furries – make sure all the family members know which areas are off-limits when they go foraging for treats to hand out inside! If you are having your lawn treated, consider asking to have a specific area left wild, so you can grow some delicious and safe forage for your small furry.
If you think your pet might have become exposed to any garden chemical treatments, contact your vet straight away.
Hamster coats can look thinner at this time of the year. Syrian and Russian hamsters tend to shed most in spring and autumn when the temperature and season starts to change. This shedding is normal, but can worry some owners. This shedding should cause your hamster no distress at all.
Although shedding is normal in the spring, you should always monitor your hamster’s hair coat and behaviour. If you notice ongoing or rapid skin changes, itching, or hair loss without regrowth, you should take your hamster to the vet for a check-up to ensure that there isn’t anything underlying that could be causing a problem, such as mites.
With piles of grass after every lawn mow, it can be tempting to offer some of this readily available nutrition to your small furries. Sadly, although grass is a fantastic part of the diet for naturally grazing animals, cut grass is not good for any pet. The heat from the cutting process can set off fermentation – this continues in the digestive system, and can make your pet very ill.
Staying away from grass cuttings, and offering a variety of nutritious vegetables and leafy greens is the best way to give your small furry the best nutrition you can. For grazing animals, such as guinea pigs, getting them outside to have a ‘mow’ for themselves will provide exercise, mental stimulation and be great for their teeth and tummy health.